Fundamental Toxicological Sciences

Paper Details

Fundamental Toxicological Sciences
Vol. 7 No. 1 January 17, 2020 p.15-31
Original Article
Safety and efficacy of a 48-week long-term ingestion of D-allulose in subjects with high LDL cholesterol levels
  • Misuzu Tanaka (Research and Development, Matsutani Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. /
Misuzu Tanaka 1) , Akane Kanasaki 1) , Noriko Hayashi 1) , Tetsuo Iida 1) , Koji Murao 2)
1) Research and Development, Matsutani Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. , 2) Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University
Keywords: ASCVD risk, Cholesterol metabolism, D-allulose, Glucose metabolism, Hepatic function

D-allulose is one of the rare sugars with almost zero calories and several health benefits. Previous studies have reported the safety of D-allulose in normal, overweight/obese, and diabetic humans. However, one study reported significant increases in T-Cho and LDL-C after 12 weeks of D-allulose intake; this report was not a randomized controlled trial and these changes were considered to be due to seasonal variations. We, therefore, conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in 90 subjects with high LDL-C levels for 48 weeks to clarify the influence of long-term D-allulose consumption on cholesterol metabolism and efficacy. Subjects were randomly divided into 3 groups: high-dose D-allulose (15 g D-allulose/day), low-dose D-allulose (5 g D-allulose/day), and placebo group (0 g D-allulose/day); each subject consumed a daily test beverage for 48 weeks. Clinical examinations were performed every eight weeks, beginning from initial consumption until week 52. No significant increases in T-Cho and LDL-C between test groups were observed, and 48 weeks of D-allulose consumption did not change risk factors for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Furthermore, no clinical problems were recognized for other parameters. Additionally, significant improvements in hepatic enzyme activities, fatty liver score, and glucose metabolism after long-term D-allulose consumption were observed. The results from our study revealed that 1) D-allulose consumption is considered safe for long-term intake up to a year, and 2) D-allulose may be effective for improving hepatic functions and glucose metabolism.