- Yuya Deguchi (Faculty of Pharmaceutical Science, Nagasaki International University / firstname.lastname@example.org)
1) Faculty of Pharmaceutical Science, Nagasaki International University , 2) Shizuoka Prefectural Research Institute of Agriculture and Forestry , 3) Graduate School of Integrated Pharmaceutical and Nutritional Sciences, University of Shizuoka
This study aimed to evaluate the genotoxicity of 2-[2-(acetylamino)-4-[bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]-5-methoxyphenyl]-5-amino-7-bromo-4-chloro-2H-benzotriazole (PBTA-6) in fish. Adult zebrafish (Danio rerio) were exposed to PBTA-6 solution of 0.3 to 10 mg/L for 96 hr. Genotoxicity was evaluated using alkaline single-cell gel electrophoresis (comet assay) and micronucleus (MN) tests on blood and gills. Although PBTA-6 showed no positive response to MN induction, it caused a concentration-dependent increase in DNA damage. Fish exposed to PBTA-6 (10 mg/L) for 96 hr followed by a 96 hr recovery period in tap water were also examined; DNA damage decreased to the level before treatment within 96 hr. To compare the cytochrome P450 (CYP) activity in different tissues, CYP1A (ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase; EROD and methoxyresorufin-O-demethylase; MROD) and CYP2B (penthoxyresorufin-O-depentylase; PROD and benzyloxyresorufin-O-debenzylase; BROD) activities were analyzed in liver and gill microsomes. The results showed that PBTA-6 markedly induced PROD activity in gills and caused DNA damage, but the results show that this damage could be reverted if the exposed fish are returned to tap water.