Fundamental Toxicological Sciences

Paper Details

Fundamental Toxicological Sciences
Vol. 3 No. 5 July 22, 2016 p.195-204
Original Article
Acute toxicity of phorate oxon by oral gavage in the Sprague-Dawley rat
  • Michael C. Babin (Battelle, USA /
Thomas H. Snider 1) , Kevin G. McGarry 1) , Michael C. Babin 1) , David A. Jett 2) , Gennady E. Platoff Jr. 3) , David T. Yeung 2)
1) Battelle, USA , 2) National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, USA , 3) National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, USA
Keywords: Phorate oxon, Pesticide, Toxicity, Rat, Oral

The oral toxicity of phorate oxon (PHO), with emphasis on gender- and age-related effects, was characterized in the Sprague-Dawley rat. The oral LD50 (95% fiducial limits) for PHO in corn oil was 0.88 (0.79, 1.04) mg/kg in males and 0.55 (0.46, 0.63) mg/kg in females with a probit slope of 15. Females had higher baseline blood cholinesterase titers, but males were significantly more tolerant. Younger rats generally had lower absolute cholinesterase blood titers. However as PHO challenges increased, baseline-normalized cholinesterase inhibition was independent of age and gender. Butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) and especially acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in brains of younger females were affected more than that in either males or older females. In summary, while female rats, especially older females, had higher titers relative to males, female rats were more susceptible in terms of absolute cholinesterase inhibition and 24‑hr lethality data, but the differences were not observed when titers were normalized to baseline levels.