- Kaoru Sato (Laboratory of Neuropharmacology, Division of Pharmacology, National Institute of Health Sciences / firstname.lastname@example.org)
1) Laboratory of Neuropharmacology, Division of Pharmacology, National Institute of Health Sciences , 2) Division of Basic Biological Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Keio University , 3) Division of Environmental Chemistry, National Institute of Health Sciences , 4) Division of Risk Assessment, National Institute of Health Sciences
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are used in many fields; however, little is known about the effects of CNTs on the central nervous system (CNS). In this study, we found that extracts of sonicated CNTs suppressed the proliferation of neural stem cells (NSCs). Single-walled CNTs (SWCNTs) and multiple-walled CNTs (MWCNTs) were suspended in PBS (1 mg/mL) and sonicated for 5 hr using a water bath sonicator. Supernatants from both types of CNTs suppressed NSC proliferation. The effects weakened in a dilution-ratio-dependent manner and strengthened in a sonication time-dependent manner. Metal concentrations extracted from SCNTs and MCNTs after 5-hr of sonication were determined using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Mn, Rb, Cs, Tl, and Fe were detected in the SWCNT supernatant, and Mn, Cs, W, and Tl were detected in the MWCNT supernatant. The concentration of Mn, Rb, and Fe eluted from the SWCNTs and Rb eluted from MWCNTs following sonication were sufficient to suppress NSC proliferation alone. N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) and ascorbic acid (AA) reversed the effects of Mn and Fe and restored NSC proliferation. The effects of Rb and Tl were not affected by the antioxidants. Both antioxidants largely restored the suppression of NSC proliferation induced by the SWCNT and MWCNT supernatants. These results suggest that metals extracted from CNTs via a strong vibration energy can suppress NSC proliferation through ROS production by the extracted metals.